Données démographiques de la diversité

Examine some of the key demographics of the established energy industry labour force which includes the following sectors: oil and gas exploration and production (including oil sands), energy services, pipelines and refining.

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Immigrants share of the labour force

  • Data updated annually
  • Dernière mise à jour mars 2024
Canada
  • Pétrole et gaz
  • All Industries

Though immigrants represent nearly 30% of Canada’s total labour force, the energy industry is underperforming in attracting people born outside of Canada. The share of immigrants in Canada’s energy industry, however, has generally trended upward, increasing from 15.3% in 2016 to 18.7% in 2022.

  • In Western Canada, immigrants represent 19.1% of the energy labour force, compared to 32% of the Western Canadian labour force overall.
  • In Central Canada, immigrants represent 22.5% of the energy labour force, compared to 30.8% of the Central Canadian labour force overall.
  • In Atlantic Canada, immigrants account for 4% of the energy labour force compared to 9.6% of the Atlantic Canadian labour force overall.

Indigenous Peoples share of the labour force

  • Data updated annually
  • Dernière mise à jour mars 2024
Canada
  • Pétrole et gaz
  • All Industries

Indigenous Peoples are well represented in Canada’s energy industry, accounting for 7.4% of the energy labour force compared to 3.9% of the Canadian labour force overall. 

  • In Western Canada, Indigenous Peoples represent 7.9% of the energy labour force, compared to 6.1% of the Western Canadian labour force overall.
  • In Central Canada, Indigenous Peoples represent 6.3% of the energy labour force, compared to 2.9% of the Central Canadian labour force overall.
  • In Atlantic Canada, Indigenous Peoples are slightly underrepresented, accounting for 3.2% of the energy labour force compared to 5.2% of the Atlantic Canadian labour force overall.

Women share of the labour force

  • Data updated annually
  • Dernière mise à jour mars 2024
Canada
  • Pétrole et gaz
  • All Industries

Women have historically represented less than one-quarter of the energy labour force despite comprising nearly half of Canada’s total labour force, but which is in line with some other trade-intensive industries such as construction and manufacturing. There has been little change in gender representation in the energy labour force since as far back as 2006. A higher percentage of women, however, tend to work in the exploration and production and pipelines sectors compared to the energy services and refining sectors.

  • In Western Canada, women represent 19.5% of the energy labour force, compared to 47.5% of the Western Canadian labour force overall.
  • In Central Canada, women represent 16.6% of the energy labour force, compared to 47.5% of the Central Canadian labour force overall.
  • In Atlantic Canada, women account for 18.3% of the energy labour force compared to 48.7% of the Atlantic Canadian labour force overall.

Youth share of the labour force (<25 years of age)

  • Data updated annually
  • Dernière mise à jour mars 2024
Canada
  • Pétrole et gaz
  • All Industries

Canada’s workforce is undergoing a dramatic demographic shift. As the nation’s energy sector moves toward a net-zero carbon economy, the drive and passion of the next generation will be vital in the evolution of Canada’s energy future. Yet representation of workers under the age of 25 remains low—5.5% of the energy labour force compared to 14.1% of the Canadian labour force overall. 

  • In Western Canada, youth represent 5.4% of the energy labour force, compared to 13.9% of the Western Canadian labour force overall.
  • In Central Canada, youth represent 6.3% of the energy labour force, compared to 14.1% of the Central Canadian labour force overall.
  • In Atlantic Canada, youth account for 4.8% of the energy labour force compared to 14.2% of the Atlantic Canadian labour force overall.

This data dashboard provides an overview of the demographics of the established energy industry labour force in Canada. The established energy industry includes the following sectors: oil and gas exploration and production (including oil sands), energy services, pipelines and refining. It draws on custom tabulations from Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey (LFS) to profile the energy labour force nationally and regionally based on age, gender, immigration status and Indigenous identity.

For an overview of the Labour Force Survey and definitions, please visit: Labour Force Survey (LFS) (statcan.gc.ca)

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Thank you for taking interest in the energy industry employment and labour market data sourced from Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey (LFS). The labour force, employment and unemployment data are from the following sectors: exploration and production (including oil sands), energy services, pipelines and refining. To help us measure the use of this information, please indicate which stakeholder group you belong to:
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