• Environment Primarily outdoor work
  • Education Post-secondary degree
  • Average salary $104,000 to $204,000

Career profile

Hydrologists study water. They monitor and evaluate levels, flows and changes in volume. They examine flood and drought risks, water quality, wastewater and the impacts on habitats. They apply their findings to minimize the environmental impacts of pollution, erosion and sedimentation.

Exploration and production, Oil and gas services, Offshore, Oil sands, Pipelines, Geothermal

In this occupation, activities may include:

  • Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts
  • Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources
  • Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information
  • Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems
  • Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form
  • Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events
  • Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data
  • Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used
  • Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job
  • Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems


  • A post-secondary degree or diploma in geology, environmental science, marine biology or a related discipline is usually required.


  • Registration with a provincial or territorial association of professional engineers, geologists, geophyscists or geoscientists may be requested but is not mandatory.

  • Travel likely required
  • Primarily outdoor work
  • Work not physically demanding
  • Work away from home/in camps
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Engineering and technology
  • English language
  • Geography
  • Computers and electronics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Critical thinking
  • Active listening